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Vocabulary

Grades: Kindergarten to Third

 Sorting and Classifying

 

 

Vocabulary

 

Common Core State Standards

• L.K.5 With guidance and support from adults, explore word relationships and nuances in word meanings.
a. Sort common objects into categories to gain a sense of the concepts the categories represent.
• L.1.5 With guidance and support from adults, demonstrate understanding of word relationships and nuances in word meanings.
a. Sort words into categories to gain a sense of the concepts the categories represent.
• L.2.5 Demonstrate understanding of word relationships and nuances in word meanings.
a. Identify real-life connections between words and their use.
• L.3.5 Demonstrate understanding of word relationships and nuances in word meanings.

 

 

Rational

One of the oldest findings in educational research is the strong relationship between vocabulary knowledge and reading comprehension. Stahl and Fairbanks (1986) found that approaches providing only definitional information did not significantly affect children’s reading comprehension.

Explicit vocabulary instruction increases students word knowledge and improves their comprehension of what they read. As students learn new words, they group them together into knowledge domains. It is through these categorical associations that new readers understand deeper layers of meaning in words. Classification activities will focus students' attention on language concepts such as meaning categories, analogies, synonyms, antonyms, prefixes, and suffixes.

 

Materials

Small objects such as cars, animals, empty boxes of crackers, cookies (kindergarten)

Small bins for objects

Pictures of objects (first grade)

Written words (second and third grade)

 

Direct Explanation

We can sometimes think of things that go together because they are alike in some way. For example, a cat and a dog are alike because they are both animals that can be family pets. The words milk and juice are alike because you can drink both of them. We can say some things are alike because they are the same color. In this way, we can begin to sort or categorize things that are alike.

 

Model

For example, if I asked you to think of things that are red you could say:

Apple

Stop sign

Roses

Strawberries

Cherries

Guided Practice

Now, can you think of things that are green….that are round? Call on two or three students and ask them to tell you two things that are green. Repeat the process with things that are round.

 

Tier I Assessment

The student should correctly sort/classify objects, pictures and or words by category and/or function.

 

Tier II Additions

  • Allow student to have extra practice time.

  • Allow student to practice with a peer.

 

Tier II Assessment

The student should correctly sort/classify objects, pictures and or words by category and/or function.

 

Tier III Accommodations

  • Allow the student extra practice time.

  • Give student an example to follow, by providing placing a sample word under each category at the top of the column.

  • Allow student to work with a peer buddy.

 

Tier III Assessment

The student should correctly sort/classify objects, pictures and or words by category and or function.

 

Tier IV and V Modifications

  • Use pictures/icons rather than written words.

  • Have student sort first by physical characteristics and visible attributes.

  • Allow extra practice time.

  • Use peer buddy to practice.

  • Use fewer examples in the match. Have student categorize only three pictures/icons rather than 5 to 10.

 

Tier IV and V Assessment

The student will sort three pictures/icons by physical characteristics and/or attributes when given an example of the category.

 

References

Beere, Invernizzi, Templeton and Johnston. Words Their Way. Pearson, Prentice, Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. 2004

Vaughn, Thompson. Research Based Methods of Reading Instruction. ASCD, Alexandria, Virginia. 1959

Ganske, Kathy. Word Journeys. The Guilford Press, London.2000

 

Copyright © 2006 Arkansas Department of Education. All rights reserved. School districts may reproduce these materials for in-school student use only. No resale. Materials may not be reproduced, distributed or sold for commercial use or profit. ADE employees are not authorized to waive these restrictions.

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